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ESSAYS

Traveling a Different Path to Independence

by Cecelia Levin

Bengali modernists borrowed from East Asia and Europe along with rediscovering the Subcontinent’s pre-colonial artistic heritage, paving the road for a new nationalist art. 

Rabindranath Tagore on far right, with Mohandas and Kasturba Gandhi, in Santiniketan, West Bengal, 1940.

The traditional view of Asian modernism was founded on an unbalanced polemic, possibly the result of the political inequality between the European colonial powers and the distant regions they governed. European scholars investigating the arts of Asia during the colonial era could not help but undermine

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