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Art After Free Will

BY Shinya Watanabe

Illustration by Eric Hanson. 

We are now experiencing a shift in civilization from the final stages of modernity and expansion toward a shrinking world. The work of neuroscientists such as Vilayanur S. Ramachandran from the University of California, San Diego, and of robotics and artificial-intelligence scholar Takashi Maeno from Keio University, Tokyo, has begun to prove that there is no free will. Our actions are defined by the unconscious as a result of our surroundings, and our consciousness merely places these actions into a linear time…

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